Reasons that could hurt the right or left elbow joint, there are many. This injuries and occupational diseases, and various inflammatory processes. Doctors with complaints of pain in the elbow often faced with the following pathologies:
If a sore arm at the bend on the inner side of the elbow is the main symptom of epicondylitis when inflamed forearm muscles. This disease often occurs in professional tennis players and golfers. The normal movement of the elbow joint discomfort was not delivered, and with increasing loads or repetitive monotonous movements appears diminished strength in the arm, weakness and aching pain.
The worst affected by the disease people after 40 years who, by reason of professional activities always loaded hands, drivers, artists, programmers, painters, typists, weightlifters. Overvoltage muscles on the inner side of the hands of possible micro damage and inflammation, which leads to overgrowth of scar tissue, deposition of salts and spasms.
Pain during flexion and extension of hands can be a symptom of bursitis of the elbow joint. In injuries of the elbow cells of the synovial membrane begins to produce from inside the joint fluid, which accumulates in the joint capsule. When the amount of fluid increases, the inflammation of the synovial cavities – there is a burning pain, swelling, lumps, tumors, increased body temperature, the skin on the elbow is red.
Bursitis can be two stages: chronic and acute. In acute course of the disease joint hurts badly, and the diameter of the inflamed area sometimes reaches 10 cm Chronic bursitis does not create acute pain, felt only a slight burning sensation in the elbow, but it takes much longer. While the hand maintains the fluidity – inflamed area looks very dense formation. To establish the type of bursitis, doctors take a puncture of the joint capsule.
The pain in the elbow with a load of "tells" that a person develops osteoarthritis. Cause of degenerative-degeneration of the disease is lesion of the cartilage tissue at the articular surfaces. At the time of hand movements, the patient can even hear the crunch, but at the touch of the elbow is painless, since there is an intense inflammatory process. If arthrosis of the elbow joint is not treated, it progresses to an advanced stage, thus gradually lost the mobility of his hands, reduced the amplitude of the available movements, as the pathology spreads to other joints.
If it hurts the elbow when you compress a fist, then this may be the reason for developing osteoarthritis. The disease begins due to endocrine abnormalities, metabolic disorders, after surgeries, traumas or injuries. In the later stages of osteochondrosis of the elbow joint develops numbness of the fingers, changing the shape of the elbow, a gradual limitation of arms, so it is important when the first symptoms to see a doctor. Getting rid of this insidious disease is considered the most challenging.
Developing arthritis can give not sharp, but aching pain. The cause of this disease is infection or disruption of the immune system. Also a frequent injury of the elbow or wrist, torn ligaments and tendons eventually leads to arthritis. If left untreated, the elbow will increase in volume, becomes thick and hot to the touch. The disease is accompanied by weakness, fever, lack of appetite, constant headache.
If the click is a sharp pain in the elbow, it can be the consequence of severe injury or fracture. Another reason is a torn ligament, muscle or fracture a bone. But if no bruises were not, and a sharp pain occurs when the load and pressing on the elbow, it can be reflected, that is, the source is not joint, and the spine. In radians (reflected) pain the joint is not deformed and the mobility of its remains the same, and the cause may be pinching the nerve roots between spinal hernia.
If there is a different kind of pain in the elbow, you should contact several specialists because it can be caused by a variety of reasons. When the cause is disorder of the cervical spine, it is advisable to see a neuro surgeon and a neurologist, to confirm or exclude the diagnosis. But the disease often occurs on the basis of inflammatory changes, as it detects only a rheumatologist. If after hitting the elbow swelling and pain, then immediately should go to the reception to trauma.
In order to avoid serious consequences for your health need to undergo a thorough diagnosis. An experienced specialist can make a diagnosis and visual inspection, but to confirm the patient still goes to the survey. The main methods of diagnosis are:
Treatment can go traditionally non-traditional and using folk remedies. Often doctors prescribe a complex treatment to quickly relieve pain, to restore mobility of the elbow, to avoid muscle atrophy and to normalize the peripheral blood circulation. Analgesia occurs with medical treatment, electrophoresis and warm compresses. And with inflammatory processes, traditional medicine.
Treatment of diseases of the elbow joint drug method can be carried out externally (ointments, creams, gels), by injection (shots) and pills. Basic drugs that effectively relieve pain and inflammation:
If you have any pain in the elbow under load, during a workout or after injury, it is at the forefront of orthopaedic treatment. Orthopedist-traumatologist , depending on the type of damage to the elbow, prescribes the wearing of tight bandages, plaster, in coniciendum, special material, which help immobilize the arm in a stationary state. For the duration of the treatments they are laid from the base of the wrist to the upper third of the shoulder.
Treatment of the elbow with the help of physio treatments always is complex, with drug therapy. With proper and regular use, this combination gives an excellent result. The most effective methods of physical therapeutic treatment:
To cure diseases of the elbow joint with the help of folk remedies preferably in combination with drug therapies and physiological treatments to come as soon as a positive effect. Folk recipes:
In advanced cases require complete removal of the bursal or her radical scavenging. Such measures are taken when recurrent bursitis or with pus inflammation of the elbow joint. Surgical treatment is called bursectomy, in which over a synovial Bursa is a small incision, and is removed through the drainage of purulent fluid. At full operation, the Bursa is cut out on the olecranon is removed irregularities to prevent recurrence, then the skin is sutured in layers. After surgery the arm is fixed at an angle of 90 degrees by a special bus.