To identify the disease is very simple. Listen to your body, if you notice swelling, pain and stiffness of movement, it's time to think about medical care. However, not everyone knows what kind of doctor treats osteoarthritis and arthritis. We'll tell you who to contact to restore health to the joints.
Timely treatment ensures fast recovery, so delay the visit to the clinic should not be. Remember, the longer you postpone the trip to the hospital, the more suffering bone-articular system.
Arthrosis and arthritis — a serious pathology, violating the normal functioning of musculoskeletal system. Despite the fact that both the disease related to joints, there are differences.
In addition to the main features and course of illness differ by age group. If arthritis affects young body up to 40 years, the arthritis appears in older people. The recommendation of the researchers is an annual preventive examination for early detection of the disease.
Diseases related to the musculoskeletal system, require urgent treatment under the supervision of a doctor. To seek help you should when you have these symptoms:
Immediate treatment in the hospital requires and discoloration of the skin over the problem area. It becomes reddish or crimson hue.
Visit your doctor if you become difficult to lift my leg while walking up the stairs.
Many people, when faced with the disease don't even know which doctor to go. The patient is in the dark: make an appointment for General or specialist narrow profile?
Remember, treatment of arthritis and osteoarthritis should be supervised by different doctors.
As soon as you detect signs of illness, visit your physician. The doctor will carry out an initial examination and ask questions about the nature of pain, its duration, and way of life. During the examination, the specialist will identify the presence or absence of inflammation.
After the diagnosis and preliminary diagnosis the physician will write a referral narrow profile. His specialization includes inspection and observation, not only in standard lesions, but psoriatic arthritis pain in the groin area, hip and knee, arthritis of the fingers and hands, forearm, feet.
Prepare for the fact that diagnosis you will need to pass x-rays and tests.
The duties of the doctor-rheumatologist includes inspection, survey and examination of the patient. For accurate diagnosis a doctor must prescribe:
Basically this doctor helps in the treatment of rheumatoid and rheumatic arthritis.
Everything that is connected with arthritis and osteoarthritis, treated by this doctor. Consultation with a doctor, especially at an early stage, ensures recovery. In addition to the examination and diagnosis, a doctor may:
Also a specialist with experience may inject anti-inflammatory drugs.
For the treatment of arthritis and osteoarthritis, the doctor will prescribe the best therapies.
A specialist with surgical bias. Patients come to see him, having the last stage of osteoarthritis, which is characterized by complete or almost complete destruction of the joints.
The specialization of the orthopedic surgeon comes in and conducting operations. In modern medicine, the procedure is carried out in two ways:
Usually, the endoprosthesis is indicated for osteoarthritis of the hip and knee joints.
Before treatment, the doctor always conducts a full examination of the patient, because in most cases, arthritis has an infectious origin.
General diagnosis of osteoarthritis involves a range of activities:
If necessary, the doctor can appoint carrying out computer tomography. Arthrosis and arthritis occurs in different parts of the body, so for diagnostics using special methods.
To detect the disease carried out a survey of patient examination. If the doctor needs additional information, he sends the patient for x-rays.
The last stage of osteoarthritis is characterized by the appearance of formations in the bone area. If the disease of the bone structures is started, the patient is additionally administered a CT scan of the ankle joint, and for the study of soft tissues is a MRI.
If necessary, the doctor will write you a referral to an endocrinologist, a rheumatologist.
Knee arthritis in medicine is called gonarthrosis. If you came in with severe pain, stiffness and crunching when you walk, it is likely to developing the disease. Gonarthrosis is diagnosed on the analogy of the elbow and shoulder arthritis and includes:
Also diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee joint is performed using computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound.
Do not think that having received the results of the survey, you can begin self-treatment. It is dangerous and could further aggravate the condition.
Such a diagnosis a doctor makes after clinical, x-ray examination. By the way, if you notice signs of TMJ seek medical help from a dentist-orthopedist.
The first stage of diagnosis — the inspection history collection. The doctor will ask questions about pain, examines the oral cavity, check the range of motion.
In the second phase the patient is issued a direction on an x-ray. The picture shows the detected changes in the maxillofacial joint. Also useful will be the CT scan. As necessary can be carried out advanced techniques.
If the received data is insufficient, the doctor may refer you for a visit to the orthodontist, a rheumatologist.
Clinical examination arthrosis of the joint includes:
The doctor will perform an external examination of the patient's articulation and questioning of the patient.
Sometimes to complete the diagnostic picture is assigned to arthrocentesis with synovial fluid analysis.
If you notice any of the symptoms of osteoarthritis, immediately contact a specialist. As stated, timely diagnosis is the key to quick recovery.
To diagnose arthritis, carry out x-ray examination of the neck in several projections. If necessary, the doctor may advise to undergo additional imaging and angiography.
Is a disease of the musculoskeletal system, affecting all the component components of the joint. Diagnosis of osteoarthritis is performed by:
For accurate diagnosis requires radiography and MRI of the damaged joints. If necessary, appointed by ultrasound.
To treat arthritis in the early stages is possible without surgery. Experts recommend to follow these preventive and therapeutic interventions:
These methods promote recovery at an early stage, when the doctor revealed arthritis. Unfortunately, in most cases, the threat the disease is diagnosed in the later stages, when the person begins to experience severe pain. In such cases, physical exercise and diet to get rid of the disease is impossible.
If you have found running 2 or 3 degree of osteoarthritis, will only urgent surgical intervention.
Traditional medicine knows many ways of fighting the disease. Cocktails with gelatin, soda baths are good only at the initial stage of arthritis.
Remember that to cure arthritis completely impossible, but to slow down the development of disease in your power. Medicines used for the treatment, divided into the following groups:
Drugs for treatment of joints necessary for the identification of osteoarthritis. They prevent the degeneration of cartilage, thus slowing the progression of the disease.
Painkillers is necessary only in severe pain. Doctors do not advise their long-term use, because the pills are addictive.
Non-steroidal drugs is important in drug therapy — they relieve inflammation and pain. However, their use is accompanied by an impressive list of contraindications from stomach problems to hypertension.
Corticosteroids are prescribed to enhance immunity and prevent inflammation.
In the later stages of arthritis and osteoarthritis, in addition to medications, surgery will be scheduled.
After surgery and rehabilitation, she can do sports and live a full life.
Such methods are good for prevention of arthritis and osteoarthritis, and postoperative recovery. In the Internet you can find video, more methods and techniques doctors Evdokimenko and Bubnovsky. Experts have developed a set of exercises for the treatment of ankle, knee and hip arthrosis.
No need to self-medicate, consult a doctor so that he has made for you the individual technique. Often physiotherapy is carried out in specially equipped rooms under the guidance of experts.
Physical therapy for arthritis needs to be in combination with other methods. Most often, patients are administered the following treatments:
When severe inflammation the doctor may prescribe cold therapy. It is conducted at home using ice or a special spray.
If exercise or physical therapy you feel pain, take a short break in treatment, agreeing with the doctor.
Used as a preventive measure to improve blood circulation. After a course of massage enhances the mobility of the joint, pain disappears and the swelling goes.
Depending on the condition of the patient the doctor prescribes one of these types:
Remember, self massage should be as gentle, not to cause pain and bruising.
Arthritis is a serious disease requiring immediate therapy. Treatment is prescribed orthopedic therapist, arthrolog — these doctors spetsializiruyutsya on the articular ailments. Do not delay with the visit to the doctor, because the delay may only worsen the condition.